The crash involving an Air India Specific aircraft that was trying to land amid heavy tailwinds and rain on a tabletop runway on the Kozhikode airport has as soon as once more shone gentle on security considerations over flight operations in such circumstances.
Considerations had been raised following the 2010 Air India Specific crash in Mangalore that killed 158 individuals on board. That yr, a court docket of enquiry report by a former Indian Air Pressure chief Air Marshal BN Gokhale famous that tabletop runways require additional talent and warning. The hazard of “undershooting” and “overshooting”, particularly, can result in grave conditions, the report stated.
“Whereas the size of the runway 24/06 (in Mangalore) is enough for operations by plane similar to Airbus A320 and Boeing 737-800, the downward slope at finish of R/W 24 main into hill slope shouldn’t be really helpful if one is to think about the hazards of overshooting the paved floor throughout takeoff or touchdown…,” the report, submitted in October 2010, stated.
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“There are three tabletop airports in India from the place scheduled flights function. These are Mangalore, Kozhikode and Lengpui. Due to the undulating terrain and constraints of area, these airfields require additional talent and warning whereas finishing up flight operations. The hazard of undershooting and overshooting, particularly, can result in grave conditions, as was the case on this accident (in Mangalore). These table-top runways even have an issue of entry roads across the airfield, which can have to be utilized in case of plane accidents,” it added.
The slender and winding roads can delay and hinder rescue operations, the report stated.
So-called tabletop airports have restricted area on the ends of the runway, and a number of other worldwide airways have stopped flying larger plane into Kozhikode attributable to questions of safety.
The Air India Specific flight with 190 on board overshot and fell 50 metres off the top of the runway on the Kozhikode airport in treacherous circumstances on Friday, breaking into two — making it one of many deadliest business aviation disasters within the nation in almost 10 years.
The crash occurred round 7.40pm, when it was raining. The incident bears eerie similarity to the 2010 Mangalore airport crash when a aircraft, additionally an Air India Specific Boeing 737, overshot a table-top runway and crashed nose-first into the bottom.
In accordance with Robert A Clifford, lead counsel within the case in opposition to Boeing for the final main Boeing crash — the 737 Max eight accident in Ethiopia on March 10, 2019 — and senior accomplice of Clifford Regulation Places of work, Chicago, the investigation into what brought about Friday’s Air India crash will doubtless give attention to the aircraft itself and pilot error.
“The climate being concerned in all probability speaks to pilot flight error, however the plane’s security programs might have performed a job. Investigators might want to consider the flight information recorder, cockpit voice recorder, and different units, together with skilled analysis, to find out what occurred,” he stated.
DGCA has categorised sure airfields as crucial that want particular qualification for the flight crew to undertake operations. The standards for classifying airfields as crucial are primarily based on varied components similar to terrain, size of runway, predominance of inclement climate and many others.
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“There are 11 such airfields, which embrace the tabletop runways of Mangalore, Kozhikode and Lengpui. As well as, airfields similar to Patna, Jammu, Leh, Port Blair and many others. additionally qualify as ‘crucial airfields’. The operators can add some extra airfields as crucial, in case extra warning must be exercised throughout operations. As per SOP of Air India Specific, three airfields at Mangalore, Kozhikode and Pune qualify as ‘crucial airfields’. These airfields are, subsequently, cleared for operations by skilled flight crew and take off and landings need to be carried out by the pilot in command (PIC) solely,” stated the 2010 report by Gokhale.
Following the Mangalore crash, the court docket of Inquiry really helpful establishing of an impartial Indian Civil Aviation Security Board (ICASB) urgently in view of fast development of aviation within the nation. Such impartial security organisations have been arrange within the USA, UK, Canada, France and Indonesia to call just a few.
The ICASB will give attention to all flight security associated points to recommend proactive measures, to minimise accidents and incidents, it stated.
Again then, the Civil Aviation Security Advisory Council (CASAC), an impartial aviation security board that was arrange in 2011 after the Mangalore crash, additionally warned authorities that the Kozhikode runway was very dangerous for touchdown throughout rains and harsh climate circumstances.