The Union setting ministry has authorised a proposal to check the motion of leopards in and round Sanjay Gandhi Nationwide Park (SGNP) in Mumbai by radio-collaring (GPS collar) 5 leopards.
Forest minister Sanjay Rathod on Monday introduced the event and stated, “The satellite tv for pc telemetry examine will assist us perceive leopard motion and behavior, human-leopard correlation, how these animals use congested human-dominated panorama, and most significantly, how battle may be diminished. It could possibly develop a mannequin for different components of the state.”
Until date, no leopard in and round SGNP has been radio-collared. This could be the primary mission deliberate at a forest near a big metropolitan space.
First mentioned in 2016, the Maharashtra forest division had authorised the proposal by Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), India for the two-year mission in August 2019. A memorandum of understanding was signed quickly after. “Nevertheless, since leopards are schedule 1 species beneath the Wildlife Safety Act, 1972, an approval was wanted from the Centre to begin the mission. We obtained the approval final week. WCS India has indicated that the mission will begin in January 2021,” stated Nitin Kakodkar, principal chief conservator of forest (wildlife).
The price of mission is ₹62 lakh, of which the state will fund ₹40 lakh and the remaining will probably be borne by WCS-India. “The mission implementation additionally relies upon upon the discharge of funds by the state,” stated Kakodkar.
GPS collars work by sending a sign to a satellite tv for pc, which obtains the time and date of the sign despatched from the collar. This info is then shared with researchers who can then examine the place the animal is and what it’s doing.
There are 47 free-roaming leopards in and round SGNP and Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary. In 2017, there have been 41 leopards, 35 in 2015 with a median of eight to 10 leopards transferring outdoors the periphery of SGNP. Aarey Colony in Goregaon has a minimum of six leopards.
“The examine will make clear how leopard inhabitants is altering in and round SGNP with new leopards documented throughout census examine and a few animals lacking or not recognized in any respect in earlier ones,” stated Sunil Limaye, extra principal chief conservator of forest (wildlife west).
In line with the proposal, the examine would monitor the density of leopards in SGNP and Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, their motion outdoors protected areas resembling Ghodbunder Street, Nagla Block, and Aarey Colony, and verify for inhabitants parameters resembling turn-over charges, survival, dispersal and motion inside this panorama.
“The examine may also assist perceive the dispersal sample of leopards by way of corridors extending from Mumbai area to Tansa and Malshej Ghat,” stated Limaye.